With so many skincare products on the market, how do you choose the correct product your hyperpigmentation? First, lets look at what causes hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin.
Hyperpigmentation is the result of overactive melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing melanin. Melanin is a pigment that exist in most living things and determines hair and skin color in humans. Melanin protects DNA from ultraviolet radiation.
While hyperpigmentation it is one of the most common skin conditions, it can be difficult to treat. It affects women and men of all ethnic groups.
Anyone concerned about dark spots, age spot and hyperpigmentation should incorporate melanin suppressants or inhibitors into skincare routine at home.
What are Melanin Suppressants –
A melanin suppressant is a topical ingredient that inhibits the biochemical development of melanin in skin cells. They work chemically by stopping the physiological reactions that are needed for melanin to be formed in the skin.
Melanin suppressants or inhibitors sends signature to the cells that produce color to reproduce at a normal rate. The normalize of the melanin process, it will and does take time.
Here are a few melanin suppressant ingredients you may want to add to your skincare routine if you are concerned about hyperpigmentation.
- Kojic acid
- Azelaic acid
- L-ascorbic acid
- Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate
- Bellis Perennis
- Mulberry Extract
- Bearberry Extracts
- (Licorice) Root Extract
- Canina (Rose Hip)
- Lycium Barbarum (Goji Berry) Extract
- Lactic Acid
- Octadecenedioic Acid
Wear Your Sunscreen........
Sun exposure is a common cause of hyperpigmentation. Anyone considering undergoing hyperpigmentation correction for dark spots, should be aware and understand the application of sunscreen is vital.must. They should wear a daily broad-spectrum sunscreen of SPF 30 and should avoid sun exposure as much as possible. Reapplying it throughout the day, when going in and out of direct sunlight.
Azelaic acid – derived from the fungus Pityrosporum ovale and can be found in rye, wheat, and barley.
Azelaic acid inhibits tyrosinase and decreases free radical formation. This agent preferentially targets abnormal and highly active melanocytes with minimal effect on uninvolved skin. Clinical trials studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of Azelaic acid in treating acne-related post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Mulberry - an extract derived from dried mulberry leaves, Morus alba. In several East Asian countries, the leaves from mulberry trees have been used in traditional Chinese and Thai medicine in the treatment and prevention of diabetes.
According to in-vitrostudies, Mulberroside F, mulberry’s active component, inhibits tyrosinase activity, melanin formation and might help with free radicals.
A randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigating the safety and efficacy of 75% mulberry extract oil versus placebo in treating melasma. There was significant improvement in the MASI score, average skin colorimeter measurements,